Tripura is a small hilly state of the North Eastern Region of India. Formerly it was a princely state. It was under various rulers. In 1870 King Bir Chandra Maniky ascended the throne of Tripura and it is said that modern Tripura was born during his reign. On his death in 1947, the Regent Maharani ruled the kingdom on behalf of his minor son. On August 1947 the kingdom of Tripura formally acceded to the Indian Union. The administration of the territory was however, actually taken over by the Indian Government in 1949 when with the signing of the Agreement of Merger by the Maharani, Tripura merged with the Indian Union
On January 21,1972 Tripura attained full statehood with a legislature of sixty members and a Council of Ministers.
TRIPURA TRIBAL AREAS AUTONOMOUS DISTRICT COUNCIL
To take care of the educational requirement and also needs of its large percentage of tribal population, the TRIPURA TRIBAL AREAS AUTONOMOUS DISTRICT COUNCIL has been established under the provision of sixth schedule of the Indain Constitution. In 1982, the areas predominantly inhabited by the tribals were indentified as tribal areas and were placed under TTAADC. In the year from 1986 to 2002, according to the provision of sixth schedule of the Indian Constitution, 1374 Government Junior Basic Schools (Primary) were transferred to the control of the Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council. During the period from 2003-2004 to 2007-2008, 444 Junior Basic Schools (Primary) were upgraded to Senior Basic Schools (upper primary). These 444 upgraded SB Schools were handed over to the State Government as the Council is empowered only to look after Primary Schools. Under the SARVA SIKSHA ABHIYAN, more 687 new Primary Schools were established in ADC during the period from 2003-2004 to 2008-2009. And 2 Primary Schools were set up in January 2009 by ADC itself. Besides, 4 (four) Residential Schools has been made functional from March’ 2009.
At present TTAADC has 1622 Primary Schools and one English Medium Residential High School.
The ADC has at its helm an Executive Member (Education Department) and the Chief Executive Officer in the head of Administrative hierarchy of ADC. A Principal Officer is in-charge of Education Department who is deputed from the State Government. At the Head Quarter, there are two Deputies to assist him in the administration of School education. The field level functionaries include Zonal Education Officers (ZDOs) Inspector of Schools and Deputy Inspector of Schools.
For proper implementation of MDM, SSA programme and other education related matters, community participation is a must. Keeping this in view, 23 Inspectorate Level Education Committees have been formed. The activities of the committees are as follows:-
1. The committee will monitor proper functioning of the Schools under their respective jurisdiction with regard to number of working days, teaching days in a year, regular and timely holding of classes, attendance of student and teacher, conduct of Half Yearly and Annual Examination including Unit Test, timely declaration of result of Examination, distribution of progress report, organization of games & sports and cultural activities, maintenance of building, furniture equipments etc.
2. Monitor and supervise all kinds of civil works in Schools and other development works if any.
3. Supervise and monitor the implementation and progress of SSA activities
4. Ensure that MDM programme is implemented in all the Schools regularly.